In a recent report released by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the most common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in the United States have reached an alarming high for 2015, reports USA Today.
Per the statistics, syphilis grew from 2014 to 2015 by 19%. Cases of gonorrhea increased by 12.8%, and chlamydia saw a growth of 5.9%, says USA Today. These are the most common STDs in the United States, says the NY Times and they have been growing in numbers for two years in a row. These diseases are treatable with antibiotics, but many more cases go undiagnosed in the country, leading to fertility issues for those who have it.
About The Report
The report is released each year by the team at the CDC known as the STD surveillance group, says CNN. They measure reports from local physicians, treatment clinics, pharmacies, and hospitals. The CDC says that STD rates are rising in the country, meaning cities and states need to create better treatment services and expand their offering to the public.
The report did not include data on HIV or other STDs like HPV, herpes, and trichomoniasis, says CNN.
The report did cite that Americans between the ages of 15 and 24 accounted for the majority of the chlamydia and gonorrhea cases. Men having sex with men also had a majority of the infections.
Who Is At Risk For These Higher Numbers?
Younger people are most at risk of contracting an STD, per the NY Times. Also, racial minorities and men who sleep with other men are at higher risk. The highest rates reported for chlamydia infections range in ages from 15 to 24 years. While it is traditionally women reported, the number of men increased with 2015’s numbers.
States with the highest increase included Montana, California, and Louisiana.
CNN reported that there were 395,216 cases of gonorrhea reported in 2015. This STD has become harder for physicians to treat and scientists have already warned the public as well as the CDC that the bacterium associated with this common STD has developed a resistant strain. That means the antibiotics traditionally used to treat it may no longer be effective.
The report also had one disturbing statistic: the growing number of newborns in the U.S. born with syphilis infections, per CNN.
Congenital syphilis is transmitted from a pregnant woman to her unborn child. The rate of congenital cases in the United States saw an increase of 6% from 2014 to 2015, states CNN. Syphilis has increased among men and women, reports the NY Times. The rate among females, however, saw an increase of 27% from 2014 to 2015.
A theory behind the increases is that dating apps are contributing to STD rates, says NY Times. CNN reports that budget cuts have limited how easy it is to access testing, let alone treatment for these common STDs. Treating these infections costs approximately $16 billion per year.